ВЕРБА Л.Г., ВЕРБА Г.В. ГРАММАТИКА СОВРЕМЕННОГО АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
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ВЕРБА Л.Г., ВЕРБА Г.В.
ГРАММАТИКА СОВРЕМЕННОГО АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА
стр. 195

Will there be a bus stop here? Здесь будет автобусная оста*

вовка?

Can there be ft bus stop here?    Здесь может быть автобусная

остановка?

В отрицательной форме предложений которые начина ются с there, употребляется отрицательное местоимение по или not... any:

There are no trees there или Там нет деревьев.

There aren’t any trees there.    ■    :

Бели перед подлежащим стоят слова many, much или количественное числительное, отрицательная форма обра зуется при помощи частицы not:

There is not much snow on На земле снега немного, the ground. :    :

§ 382-389. According to the purpose of the utterance sentences are divided into declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory.    -

^According to t^eir structure sentences are divided into simple (unextended or extended) and composite (compo und and complex)*

The principal parts of the sentence are the subject and the predicate.    ,

The subject is mostly expressed by a noun or a personal pronoun. It may also be expressed by any substantivized part of speech, by a phrase or a subordinate clause.

Depending on the character of the subject sentences are divided into personal» indefinite-personal and imper sonal. The subject of a personal sentence denotes a certain person, thing or abstract notion. The subject of an inde finite-personal sentence may be expressed by the pronouns

* one, they, you, we when they refer to people in general, to any person or to an indefinite number of persons.

The predicate of an impersonal sentence does ncrt refer to any person or thing. The pronoun it is used as a formal subject of impersonal sentences.

If the subject of a sentence is expressed by an infi nitive, a gerund or a subordinate clause, it is often placed after the predicate and the sentence begins with the introductory it.

In sentences serving to assert or deny the existence of something the subject is placed after the predicate and the




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