Апресян Ю.Д. Англо-русский синонимический словарь
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Апресян Ю.Д.
Англо-русский синонимический словарь
стр. 417


Affair'). The old woman shrugged, dipped her fingers in the water, and then stopped suddenly and looked up (P. Ah raj wins, ‘The Path of Thunder'). ..I wished this blrody train would get to Mestre and

1 would eat and stop thinking (E. Hem ingway, ‘A farewell to Arms'). For a day or two lie stopped drinking (S. Lew is, 'ArremmHk').

The youth imagined he was out of sorts, and set to whistling softly. Seeing another man asleep, he quit that and lapsed into silence (Th. Dreiser, ‘Sister Carrie'}. You can quit going to these dances, or you can tmnL another place (W. Gather, ‘My Antonia), We soon quit using fists (John Reed, 'Mac-Amer ican').

..and though he never ceased to observe and wonder, he had long ceased looking for any right and wrong in the process (J. Aldridge, 'The Hunter'). 1 wished to beg you lo cease your relations wiLli Miss Miller—not to flirt with lier.. (H. James, 'Daisy Miller'}.    [ should

be sorry if you ceased to be familiar with imy house (C. P. Snow, ‘The Conscience of the Rich'), lie was ceasing to be em barrassed. for he had begun to perceive that she was not in llie least embarrassed herseU (H. James. ‘Daisy Milter’).

Miriam discontinued her practice ot going each Thursday evening to the li brary in Bcstwood (D. N. Laurence,Sons and Lovers'). The TBS message was so muffled by static and the noise of wind and waves lhat Willie had to put his ear to the loudspeaker: ‘Chain Gang from Sun shine. Discontinue fueling’ (H. IWoak, “'The Caine Mutiny'). Mr, March replied that he was aware of these facts, he did not propose to discontinue Charles's allowance.. (C. P. Snotv, ‘The Conscience of the РШ').

..and she listened attentively, desisted even from her sewing, nodding her head once or twice in appreciative agreement {A. J. Cronin, ‘Three Loves’). Bui he did not desist from a kindly scheme on Henchard's account that engaged him just then (Th. Hardy, 'The Mayor of Casterbridge ). 'If she hadn't begun this ■outrage, you would never have believed it possible,’ Mr. March exclaimed. ‘IE she had desisted you would have been’ relieved..’ (C. P. Snow. ‘The Conscience of the Rich'). But his brain had then reused to gripple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names, and addresses ot certain ot his classmates (J. Joyce, 1A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Atan').

STOP II, CEASE 1 начинать не (проис ходить)' прекращаться, переставать, ос танавливаться, кончаться, обрываться, прерываться (о процессах, событиях, явлениях и т. п.У, затикать, замолкать, смолкать (о звуках).

[Я] В отличие от cease (переставать, останавливаться, затихать, замолкать), stop (прекращаться, переставать, кон чаться, оборваться, прерваться, смолк нуть) чаще указывает на внезап ное и полное прекращение пего-л.: the rain has stopped дождь прекратился {еиезагшо}; the rain ceased дождь пере стал (постепенно}; the music stopped мудака оборвалась; tlie music ceased музыка затихла; ‘Then the firing stopped absolutely and he did not lic;ir another shot’ (E, Hemingway) «Мятом нгпш, пре кратился coiu'cm, н on больше не услы шал пи одною ншефе.11a»; ‘..very low

I lay there waiting for llie war I о cease* (E. Seton-Thompson) «..я лежал там, притаившись, к ждал, когда затихнет бой».

Однако в сочетании с существительными, которые обозначают постепенно возникающие и затухающие процессы или действия, и при отсутствии обстоя тельств типа suddenly, abruptly, abso lutely илн и (таг о уточняющего контекста, смысловые различия между stop и cease частично нейтрализуются: the wind stopped /ceased/ ветер стих; the conversation in lhe room stopped /ceased/ разговор в комнате прекратился.

S | См. примеры tl.

И] ..she felt his breathing to be lighter on ner hand. And then, to her surprise, it stopped (Th. Dreiser, 'The Stoic'). All was silence, it was like a movie winch had suddenly stopped while its projecting illumination continued (£. L. W allant, ‘The Pawnbroker'). Suddenly, with an emptiness of silence, the bell stopped (C. P. Snoaj, ‘The Affair'). When day light came the storm was still blowing but the snow had stopped (E. Hemingway, 'A farewell to Arms'),

After those visits to the Restaurant Bretagne began, other visits ceased,. (J, Galsworthy, ‘in Chancery'). Then their voices ceased; they had gone (J. Joyce, ‘A Portrait of the Artist as a Yeung Man’). However, the arguments